What Are The Characteristics Of The Five Layers Of The Atmosphere?

What layer of atmosphere do planes fly?

stratosphereCommercial jet aircraft fly in the lower stratosphere to avoid the turbulence which is common in the troposphere below.

The stratosphere is very dry; air there contains little water vapor.

Because of this, few clouds are found in this layer; almost all clouds occur in the lower, more humid troposphere..

What are the 5 layers of the atmosphere?

The atmosphere is comprised of layers based on temperature. These layers are the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere and thermosphere.

What are the five layers of the atmosphere from lowest to highest?

From highest to lowest, the five main layers are:Exosphere: 700 to 10,000 km (440 to 6,200 miles)Thermosphere: 80 to 700 km (50 to 440 miles)Mesosphere: 50 to 80 km (31 to 50 miles)Stratosphere: 12 to 50 km (7 to 31 miles)Troposphere: 0 to 12 km (0 to 7 miles)

What is the hottest layer of the earth?

inner coreThe hottest layer of the Earth is its innermost layer, the inner core. Quite literally the center of the Earth, the inner core is solid and can get to…

What causes the layers of the atmosphere?

The main source of these layers is the Sun’s ultraviolet light which ionizes atoms and molecules in the Earth’s upper atmosphere. During this process, electrons are knocked free from molecules or particles in the atmosphere.

Why mesosphere is the coldest layer of the atmosphere?

Mesosphere, altitude and temperature characteristics Like tropospheric temperature, mesospheric temperature characteristically decreases with increasing height. The top of the mesosphere is the coldest area of the Earth’s atmosphere because temperature may locally decrease to as low as 100 K (-173°C).

What is the coldest layer of the atmosphere?

mesosphereAnswer and Explanation: The coldest layer of the atmosphere is known as the mesosphere. The mesosphere is the third layer up from the Earth’s surface right above the…

What is the hottest layer of the atmosphere?

thermosphereThe thermosphere is often considered the “hot layer” because it contains the warmest temperatures in the atmosphere. Temperature increases with height until the estimated top of the thermosphere at 500 km.

What is the lowest level of the atmosphere?

TroposphereTroposphere. The troposphere is the lowest layer of our atmosphere. Starting at ground level, it extends upward to about 10 km (6.2 miles or about 33,000 feet) above sea level. We humans live in the troposphere, and nearly all weather occurs in this lowest layer.

Which layer contains the most oxygen?

StratosphereOzone in the Stratosphere Ozone forms a kind of layer in the stratosphere, where it is more concentrated than anywhere else. Ozone and oxygen molecules in the stratosphere absorb ultraviolet light from the Sun, providing a shield that prevents this radiation from passing to the Earth’s surface.

What are the 7 layers of atmosphere?

Earth’s Atmospheric LayersTroposphere. The troposphere starts at the Earth’s surface and extends 8 to 14.5 kilometers high (5 to 9 miles). … Stratosphere. The stratosphere starts just above the troposphere and extends to 50 kilometers (31 miles) high. … Mesosphere. … Thermosphere. … Ionosphere. … Exosphere. … Credit: NASA/Goddard.

What layer do we live in?

Troposphere. The troposphere is the lowest layer of our atmosphere. Starting at ground level, it extends upward to about 10 km (6.2 miles or about 33,000 feet) above sea level. We humans live in the troposphere, and nearly all weather occurs in this lowest layer.

What happens in the layers of the atmosphere?

1) The troposphere is the first layer above the surface and contains half of the Earth’s atmosphere. Weather occurs in this layer. 2) Many jet aircrafts fly in the stratosphere because it is very stable. … 5) The atmosphere merges into space in the extremely thin exosphere.

What are the characteristics of each layer of the atmosphere?

Each layer is characterized by a different gradient of the temperature as a function of altitude.Troposphere. … Stratosphere. … Mesosphere. … Thermosphere. … Exosphere.