What Did Sparta Helots Do?

How did the Spartans treat the helots?

Spartans, who were outnumbered by the Helots, often treated them brutally and oppressively in an effort to prevent uprisings.

Spartans would humiliate the Helots by doing such things as forcing them to get debilitatingly drunk on wine and then make fools of themselves in public..

Why were helots important to Sparta?

The people of Messene were taken hostage as slaves or helots and were used to farm the lands they had once possessed. The helots’ work helped to make Sparta a wealthy city, and in time they became trusted members of Spartan families. … Helots could also seek their freedom by volunteering for military engagements.

How many did the Spartans kill?

The Truth Behind the Legend He is the author of the History in an Afternoon textbook series. One of the all-time great stories of ancient history involved the defense of Thermopylae, when a narrow pass was held for three days against a vast Persian army by just 300 Spartans, 299 of whom perished.

Did Spartans kill babies?

Infanticide was a disturbingly common act in the ancient world, but in Sparta this practice was organized and managed by the state. All Spartan infants were brought before a council of inspectors and examined for physical defects, and those who weren’t up to standards were left to die.

What caused the fall of Sparta?

Sparta entered its long-term decline after a severe military defeat to Epaminondas of Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra. … As Spartan citizenship was inherited by blood, Sparta increasingly faced a helot population that vastly outnumbered its citizens.

Why was Ephors important to Sparta?

The ephors were a council of five elected annually who swore “on behalf of the city” while the kings swore for themselves. … Up to two ephors would accompany a king on extended military campaigns as a sign of control, and they held the authority to declare war during some periods in Spartan history.

What were helots used for?

Helots were assigned to citizens to carry out domestic work or to work on their klēroi, or portions. The klēroi, were the original divisions of Messenia after its conquest by Sparta. Various sources mention such servants accompanying this or that Spartan.

What is Sparta called today?

Sparta (Greek: Σπάρτη, Spárti, [ˈsparti]) is a town and municipality in Laconia, Greece. It lies at the site of ancient Sparta. The municipality was merged with six nearby municipalities in 2011, for a total population (as of 2011) of 35,259, of whom 17,408 lived in the city.

Did Spartans throw babies off cliffs?

The Greek myth that ancient Spartans threw their stunted and sickly newborns off a cliff was not corroborated by archaeological digs in the area, researchers said Monday. … “It is probably a myth, the ancient sources of this so-called practice were rare, late and imprecise,” he added.

How many soldiers did the 300 Spartans kill?

Leonidas, aware that his force was being outflanked, dismissed the bulk of the Greek army and remained to guard their retreat with 300 Spartans and 700 Thespians, fighting to the death….Battle of ThermopylaeCasualties and losses4,000 (Herodotus)c. 20,000 (Herodotus)Location of the battle of Thermopylae9 more rows

Who did the Spartans enslave?

Helot, a state-owned serf of the ancient Spartans. The ethnic origin of helots is uncertain, but they were probably the original inhabitants of Laconia (the area around the Spartan capital) who were reduced to servility after the conquest of their land by the numerically fewer Dorians.

How did Spartans train their warriors?

Spartan children were placed in a military-style education program. At the age of 7, Spartan boys were removed from their parents’ homes and began the “agoge,” a state-sponsored training regimen designed to mold them into skilled warriors and moral citizens.

What made the Spartans so powerful?

During the 5th century BC Sparta was very powerful. This was due to her army, which was feared by other Greeks. Sparta focused on producing good soldiers and all Spartan male citizens were part of the army. The Spartan army played an important role in the Greek victory over the Persians, in 480-479 BC.

How did Sparta treat their citizens?

All healthy male Spartan citizens participated in the compulsory state-sponsored education system, the Agoge, which emphasized obedience, endurance, courage and self-control. … Spartans, who were outnumbered by the Helots, often treated them brutally and oppressively in an effort to prevent uprisings.

What was slavery like in Sparta?

The helots were in a sense state slaves, bound to the soil and assigned to individual Spartans to till their holdings; their masters could neither free them nor sell them, and the helots had a limited right to accumulate property, after paying to their masters a fixed proportion of the produce of the holding.

Why did the helots revolt?

The report of Sparta’s lost gave encouragement to the Helots who started a revolt against Sparta, which is now known as the Second Messenian War​. … The Spartans did not attempt to attack alone with the forces they had, so they asked the Athenians to help them in their predicament.

Who defeated Sparta?

When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military supremacy and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.

What was the name of the war between Sparta and Athens?

The Peloponnesian WarThe Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.

Who were slaves in Athens?

Athenian slaves were the property of their master (or of the state), who could dispose of them as he saw fit. He could give, sell, rent, or bequeath them. A slave could have a spouse and child, but the slave family was not recognized by the state, and the master could scatter the family members at any time.

What were Spartan slaves called?

The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.

Did the Greeks have slaves?

Slavery was an accepted practice in ancient Greece, as in other societies of the time. … Athens had the largest slave population, with as many as 80,000 in the 5th and 6th centuries BC, with an average of three or four slaves per household, except in poor families.